How to Manage High Hematocrit Caused by Testosterone Replacement Therapy

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Nelson Vergel

Founder, ExcelMale.com
 
Defy Medical TRT clinic doctor

Nelson Vergel

Founder, ExcelMale.com
It is a smart thing to measure ferritin before you donate blood (besides the hemoglobin test they run at the blood center).

First results of a ferritin-based blood donor deferral policy in the Netherlands​


BACKGROUND​

Whole blood donors are at risk of becoming iron deficient. To monitor iron stores, Sanquin implemented a new deferral policy based on ferritin levels, in addition to the traditional hemoglobin measurements.

METHODS​

Ferritin levels are determined in every fifth donation, as well as in all first-time donors. Donors with ferritin levels <15 ng/mL (WHO threshold) are deferred for 12 months; those ≥15 and ≤30 ng/mL for 6 months. The first results were analyzed and are presented here.

RESULTS​

The results show that 25% of women (N = 20151, 95% CI 24%-25%) and 1.6% of men (N = 10391, 95% CI 1.4%-1.8%) have ferritin levels ≤30 ng/mL at their first blood center visit. For repeat (non-first-time) donors, these proportions are higher: 53% of women (N = 28329, 95% CI 52%-54%) and 42% of men (N = 31089, 95% CI 41%-43%). After a 6-month deferral, in 88% of returning women (N = 3059, 95% CI 87%-89%) and 99% of returning men (N = 3736, 95% CI 98%-99%) ferritin levels were ≥15 ng/mL. After a 12-month deferral, in 74% of returning women (N = 486, 95% CI 70%-78%) and 95% of returning men (N = 479, 95% CI 94%-97%) ferritin levels increased to ≥15 ng/mL.

CONCLUSION​

Deferral of donors whose pre-donation ferritin levels were ≤30 ng/mL might prevent donors from returning with ferritin levels <15 ng/mL. This policy is promising to mitigate effects of repeated donations on iron stores.




 

Nelson Vergel

Founder, ExcelMale.com

AFAA307D-054A-4D46-9F6F-B1666F583940.jpeg
 

Nelson Vergel

Founder, ExcelMale.com

PREVALENCE OF SECONDARY ERYTHROCYTOSIS IN MEN RECEIVING TESTOSTERONE THERAPY: A MATCHED COHORT ANALYSIS OF INJECTIONS, INTRANASAL GEL, AND PELLETS


Abstract​


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE:​

In the last 80 years, varying formulations of testosterone have emerged and differing impacts on classic adverse events of polycythemia and suppression of the HPG axis are unclear. We predicted that responsive TRT causes consistent secondary hormonal changes irrespective of formulation. Based on the results of two simultaneous open label randomized clinical trials, we evaluated changes in T, hematocrit (HCt), PSA, and estradiol (E).

METHODS:​

Hypogonadal men (2 serum T <300 ng/dL by MS) were randomized into open label RCTs. Eligible subjects received: 800 mg subcutaneous T pellets, 11 mg TID intranasal T, or 200 mg×2 weeks TC for 16 weeks. Serum T, HCt, PSA, E, and OSA prevalence via STOP-BANG were collected at baseline and follow-up. Data from 75 men presented as a post-hoc analysis was reported as the mean percent change (SD). Student T-tests were used to determine change in adverse effects parameters between each formulation.

RESULTS:​

Median age was 45 years old. Baseline T, HCt, PSA, and E were 223.5 ng/dL, 43.9%, 0.70 ng/mL, and 23.2 ng/mL respectively. Prevalence of OSA was 16% in TC, 12% in intranasal T, and 12% in T pellets. Follow-up values in all three formulations showed increases in T and E, with the largest increases seen in TC (+157%, +23.0%) followed by intranasal T (+114%, +14.5%) and pellets (+79%, +1.4%) (p=0.01). Of note, nasal T showed a decrease in HCt (45.2 to 44.4) while both longer acting formulations showed increases in HCt. Participants positively screened for existing OSA showed no significant differences in HCt before and after four months of treatment (p=0.994 and 0.289). Mean PSA in all three treatment groups was unchanged (0.70 ng/mL).

CONCLUSIONS:​

Prevalence of OSA among men with testosterone deficiency was 13%. Intranasal T appears to have minimal impact on HCt compared to TC and T pellets despite significant increases in serum T and E when controlled for OSA. While the results of these single center RCTs support evidence that intranasal T avoids adverse effects due to its biomimetic short-acting properties, further investigation is required to elucidate predispositions and effects from long term TRT.



Source of Funding:​

Support by National Institutes of Health Grant R01 DK130991 and Clinician Scientist Development Grant from the American Cancer Society to RR
 
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